The fundamental ethical principle of politics according to the new philosophical paradigm is, as we have already seen, the world state. Since politics is a part of ethics, it can of course only apply this principle. This means that a philosophically legitimate political standpoint can only be one that sees the purpose of our behaviour and our decisions at the political level in all people who live today or who belong to future generations.
The state can therefore only be limited by planet Earth itself and cannot be divided within the planet because there are no ethical reasons to consider some individuals as an end in themselves and others not.
Political action will therefore always be aimed at the welfare of all humans, including those not yet born. It will have its own means of achieving this principle, which cannot be the means of individual ethics, but need to be other means, such as agreements between nations. Nations must renounce their sovereignty, at least over the aspects considered in these agreements (e.g. environmental policy). It is about the political issues that affect the public life of all humans. Obviously, local politics will differ from world politics. Local politics will pay special attention to those people who have chosen to live in a particular place and therefore reside there. This applies to local politics as well as to regional and national politics. World politics, however, will consider the inhabitants of the whole world and those who will live there in the future. The ultimate (definitive) and fundamental sovereignty therefore belongs to the world state, which makes laws for all people.
The protection of the environment, for example, cannot be left to national or continental authorities because the environment concerns humanity as a whole, not just the inhabitants of a limited area of the earth. If, for example, a local or continental community pollutes air or water so that it cannot be consumed anymore, this air and water will obviously reach other continental, national and local communities, who will then suffer from the pollution as well. The community that pollutes water and air should be considered criminal because it has also harmed the common good of other people.
For this reason, what is common to all human beings, which is the basic goods such as water, air, the earth and energy sources, can only be managed by the supranational world authority. These are the four basic principles of life, which were already recognized by the pre-Socratic Greek philosophers.
The continental, national, regional and local authorities will be interested in administering the goods which are not common to all people but belong to the people in this specific part of the world. They will administer the common goods (the four basic elements) according to the guidelines of the supranational world authority, while they can administer their own goods according to their own local autonomous guidelines.
For example, a local community will decide on how to set up the road system within its own city, since this is not a world issue but a local issue.
But the treatment of the ground on which this road rests will be organised according to common principles of the world state so that it can be used profitably by the people who live after the current generation. Principles of the world state should ensure that the earth is considered and treated as a common good of all people.
This type of regulation will be inspired by basic principles that are established by the world authorities but implemented by local authorities.
Supranational principles that need to be enforced at the local level are, for example, the principles of safety and environmental protection. How these roads are built in that specific area of course cannot be decided by a world authority, since it cannot make decisions on every small area of the planet.
There must therefore be a clear division of responsibilities between the supranational world authority and the local authorities. The world authority may only establish the general principles concerning the administration of common goods of all people, i.e. those goods that must not get into private or local hands because they belong to all people living in the present and in the future.
Additionally, the global authority will provide basic principles that will then be applied by local authorities at the local level, such as the principles of safety, health (e.g. how to run hospitals) and so on.
All this will be the task of the global world authority. The local authorities will apply these general principles, they will care for community assets such as museums, monuments, etc. The goods will only be managed by the local communities, since they are not the owners but only administrators and these goods actually belong to all humankind.
Finally, the local communities will also legislate and make decisions, such as whether to build a hospital on their territory in one place or another. Such decisions will, of course, always be made on the basis of the general principles of environmental protection that the world state will have formulated.
The local authorities will also guarantee dignified health care for all people living there permanently or temporarily. The management of a hospital will therefore follow the general principles established by the world government, while the practical aspects related to the area will be managed by the local authorities.
The same applies to other state structures such as schools, universities, etc. A land use plan, closely linked to the general principles established at world level, will protect the area from local private usurpation.
Cosmopolitan Politics - ROOMS AND INTERPRETATION
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